Survival Behaviors Lab at Aultman College
The SBL’s mission, to serve humanity by fostering efficient and effective survival behaviors in individuals and populations, integrates professionals and communities. SBL scholars and community partners value the development and dissemination of evidence to support decision making on behalf of educational organizations and governmental bodies.
The Chain of Survival Behaviors
Originally conceived during the 2015 American Heart Association & American Heart First Aid Guidelines process, which paralleled the 2015 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation’s, the Chain developed from an assessment of ≈3000 articles on first aid education. The assessment led to five domains that embodied first aid education as a whole but required different assessment outcomes or educational approaches.
- Prevent and prepare – personal or population health approaches to limit illness or injury occurrence and establish competencies and resources for individuals and groups
- Early recognition – observing and understanding a situation as one which requires intervention to increase survival
- First aid – timely and effective application of relevant skills and behaviors to stop illness/injury and promote healing
- Access help – response to recognition that the situation requires specialist help
- Self-recovery/Early medical care – appropriate to the situation, to reduce harm and suffering as fast as possible.
The work of the SBL aligns with this chain and moving people between and through each domain.
All team members work directly with the identification, research, and dissemination of lab activities:
- Jeffrey L. Pellegrino, Ph.D., MPH, MS Educational Leadership, BA, Lab founder
- Chair Education Sub-Council, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council
- Professor, Health Sciences, Aultman College
- Program Director, Foundational Education and Health Sciences, Aultman College
- Brian Miller, University of Akron
- Jamillee Krob, Ph.D.
SBL Affiliates are associated with the lab but do not have a physical presence in it and may represent various organizations with similar missions to the SBL
Emily Oliver, British Red Cross
Don Marentette, Canadian Red Cross
Paul Snobelen, Region of Peel Paramedic Services
Gayle Walters, Access Health Stark County
Brenda Johnson, CHW- Family Empowerment Ministries
Nick Asselin, Brown University
SBL Community Partners, provide research opportunities
Aultman Health Foundation
Access Health Stark County
American Red Cross
International Federation of Red Cross/Red Crescent
Family Empowerment Ministries
Canton City Public Schools (OH)
Canton South School District (OH)
Region of Peel, Paramedic Service (ON)
International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, Education-Implementation-Team Task Force
Service to the community and organizations:
Grant Writing Collaboration
Snoblen, P., Pellegrino, J.L., Nevils, G., & Dainty, K. (2018). Helping those who help: the Lay Responder Post Arrest Support Model. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 11(9). doi:10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.118.004702
Pellegrino, J.L., Bogumil, D., Epstein, J. & Burke, R.V. (2018). Two-Thumb-Encircling Advantageous for Lay Responder Infant CPR: Randomized Manikin Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Advance online publication doi:10.1136/archdischild-2018-314893
Miller, B. & Pellegrino, J.L. (2018). Measuring intent to aid of lay responders: Survey development and validation. Health Education & Behavior, 45(5) p. 730-740. doi:10.1177/1090198117749257
2017 American Red Cross national Scientific Advisory Council, Comparison of Two-finger versus Two-Thumb Infant CPR Compression Technique in Lay responders. June, Toronto, ON
2015American Red Cross national Scientific Advisory Council, Validation of an Instrument for Secondary Student Attitudes toward CPR. June
Clinical & Curricular materials
Ohio Department of Public Safety (2017) Rescue Task Force Awareness Training. http://Trainingcampus.dps.ohio.gov.
2018 Stark County THRIVE, Family Empowerment Ministries Diaper Days, $50,000.
2017 American Red Cross, “Modular First Aid Course Development.” $10,000.
2015 American Red Cross, “Outcome Comparison for 3 Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation Instruction Methods for 9th Grade Students.” $5,000.
2018 “From knowledge to resilience.” Canadian Council for First Aid Education. Ottawa, ON. 20 Oct
2018 “We love the way you think!” International First Aid Education Conference. Niagara Falls, ON. 24 April.
2018 “Wilderness First Responder Instructor.” Canadian Red Cross, Niagara Falls, ON. 22 April.
2016 “R.I.P. Standard First Aid: Is our Education Working.” Reykjavik, Iceland. 24 Sept.
2018 Pellegrino, J.L. Wilderness First Responder Instructor Development.” 2018 international First Aid Education Conference, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. 22 April
2017 Pellegrino, J. L. “Preventing & Responding to Infant Choking.” Walk-with-a-Doc, Canton, OH. 15 Dec
2016 Cassan, P., Markenson, D., Oliver, E., Aleksic, L., Pellegrino, J.L. “Forging a pathway from evidence to education through global cooperation: the Red Cross Red Crescent model.” Resuscitation 2016: the ERC congress on education. Reykjavik, Iceland. 25 Sept.
2016 Pellegrino, J.L. & MacPherson, A. “Making meaning of evidence-based guidelines.” Canadian Emergency Care Conference: Guidelines update: the science of saving lives. Toronto, ON, Canada. 22 Feb
2018 Pellegrino, J.L. & Miller, B. “Triangulating research for improved validity: CPR education with manikin feedback.” Spirit of Inquiry 2018, Aultman Health Foundation, 28 Nov
2018 Miller B. & Pellegrino, J.L. “Evaluation of manikin practice and instruction modality on C-CPR in high school students. Spirit of Inquiry 2018, Aultman Health Foundation, 28 Nov
2018 Berry, D. & Pellegrino, J.L. “Community Engagement: The Emergency Action Plan and the Need for Continued Education.” International First Aid Education Conference. Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. 24 April
2018 Pellegrino, J.L. “When is a person too hot? Fever and First Aid.” International First Aid Education Conference. Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. 24 April; Published as Pellegrino, J.L. (2018). “A case for including sepsis identification in first aid education.” International Journal of First Aid Education, 1(2), Article 9. https://digitalcommons.kent.edu/ijfae/vol1/iss2/9
2018 Miller B. & Pellegrino, J. “Addressing challenges to publishing health research: Using standardized reporting guidelines to assist in publishing scholarly research manuscripts.” Society of Public Health Educators, 69th Annual Meeting, Columbus, OH. 5 April
Snobelen, P., Pellegrino, J., Nevils, G., & Danity, K. (2018). “Lay responder post-arrest support model: methodology & conceptual design.” BMJ Open, 8(suppl 1), A10LP-A11. Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-EMS.27 2018 EMS Congress in Denmark
2017 Miller, B. & Pellegrino, J.L. “Fostering Intention to Act in an Emergency using Hybrid Learning.” ECCU 2017 Emergency Cardiovascular Care Update, New Orleans, LA, 8 Dec
2017 Pellegrino, J.L. & Epstein, J.L. “Kids to Grandparents – What Infant CPR Techniques Make A Difference.” ECCU 2017 Emergency Cardiovascular Care Update, New Orleans, LA, 6 Dec
2017 Pellegrino, J.L., Bogumil, D., Epstein, J. & Burke, R.V. “Comparison of Two-Thumb-Hand-Encircling Versus Two-Finger Chest Compressions for Single Lay Responder.” Spirit of Inquiry 2017, Aultman Health Foundation, 15 Nov
Oliver, E. & Pellegrino, Jeffrey L. (2016). “Filling the voids in emergency response education: a gaps analysis.” Resuscitation, 106(supplement 1), e56. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.07.134 2016: the ERC congress on education. Reykjavik, Iceland. 24 Sept
2016 Pellegrino, J.L. “The New, the Old, and the Vacuums: Filling the Gaps in First Aid Education.” Canadian Emergency Care Conference: Guidelines update: the science of saving lives. Toronto, ON, Canada. 23 Feb
Pellegrino, J.L.; Oliver, E.; Orkin, A.; Marentette, D.; Snobelen, P.; Muise, J.; Mulligan, J.; and De Buck, E. (2017) "A call for revolution in first aid education," International Journal of First Aid Education: Vol. 1 : Iss. 1 , Article 1. DOI: 10.21038/ijfa.2017.0001 Available at: http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/ijfae/vol1/iss1/1
Health & Safety Multi-media Expert Appearances
- Interview & citation. 15 Simple Ways to Avoid Summer Workout Dangers. Reader’s digest. May, 2018.
- Interview & citation. First Aid Disasters that are Easily Avoided. Here’s what some top international emergency-care doctors wish you knew… Reader’s Digest Asia, 2018.
- Interview & citation. What to Do in a Medical Emergency: How bystanders can help when someone faints, bleeds, stops breathing, and more. Consumer Reports. April 1, 2018.
- Interview & citation. Don't Get the Flu at a Super Bowl Party. Consumer Reports. February 3, 2018.’s
- Interview & citation. 5 Sun Safety Tips for Student Athletes. Red Cross Chat. August 9, 2017.
- Interview & citation. 5 MUST-HAVES FOR A SAFE VBS PROGRAM, GuideOne Insurance, May 31, 2017.
- Interview & citation. Episode 140: How to Be Prepared for RV Emergencies. The RV Podcast. May 2017.
- Interview & citation. Red Cross Issues Tips on How to Have a Safe Summer. www.redcross.org May 24, 2016
- CEUs for EMS/fire/etc.
- ARC training partner
- School training partner
- SIM utilization and development
- Social Work Research
- Team-based inquiry
The SBL can be your home for inquiry as an undergraduate. Conduct community-based research with internationally and nationally experienced faculty. We also work in teams to help organizations innovate and meet their mission in a changing world. Contact Dr. Pellegrino for more information, to share your own ideas/questions, and learn about upcoming opportunities.