Jump to main navigationJump to page content
Find your calling at Aultman College. No application fees. Apply today.

Survival Behaviors Lab at Aultman College

The SBL’s mission, to serve humanity by fostering efficient and effective survival behaviors in individuals and populations, integrates professionals and communities.  SBL scholars and community partners value the development and dissemination of evidence to support decision making on behalf of educational organizations and governmental bodies. 

The Chain of Survival Behaviors

Originally conceived during the 2015 American Heart Association & American Heart First Aid Guidelines process, which paralleled the 2015 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation’s, the Chain developed from an assessment of ≈3000 articles on first aid education. The assessment led to five domains that embodied first aid education as a whole but required different assessment outcomes or educational approaches.

  • Prevent and prepare – personal or population health approaches to limit illness or injury occurrence and establish competencies and resources for individuals and groups
  • Early recognition – observing and understanding a situation as one which requires intervention to increase survival
  • First aid – timely and effective application of relevant skills and behaviors to stop illness/injury and promote healing
  • Access help – response to recognition that the situation requires specialist help
  • Self-recovery/Early medical care – appropriate to the situation, to reduce harm and suffering as fast as possible.

The work of the SBL aligns with this chain and moving people between and through each domain.


SBL Team

All team members work directly with the identification, research, and dissemination of lab activities:

SBL Affiliates are associated with the lab but do not have a physical presence in it and may represent various organizations with similar missions to the SBL 

  • Emily Oliver, British Red Cross 

  • Don Marentette, Canadian Red Cross 

  • Paul Snobelen, Region of Peel Paramedic Services 

  • Gayle Walters, Access Health Stark County 

  • Brenda Johnson, CHW- Family Empowerment Ministries 

  • Nick Asselin, Brown University 

SBL Community Partners, provide research opportunities 

  • Aultman Health Foundation 

  • Access Health Stark County 

  • American Red Cross 

  • International Federation of Red Cross/Red Crescent 

  • Family Empowerment Ministries 

  • Canton City Public Schools (OH) 

  • Canton South School District (OH) 

  • Region of Peel, Paramedic Service (ON) 

  • International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, Education-Implementation-Team Task Force

Service to the community and organizations:

  • Program Development 

  • Program Assessment/Evaluation 

  • Grant Assessment/Evaluation 

  • Product Assessment 

  • Evidence Reviews 

  • IRB Collaboration 

  • Grant Writing Collaboration

Recent Work

Snoblen, P., Pellegrino, J.L., Nevils, G., & Dainty, K. (2018). Helping those who help: the Lay Responder Post Arrest Support Model. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 11(9). doi:10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.118.004702

Pellegrino, J.L., Bogumil, D., Epstein, J. & Burke, R.V. (2018). Two-Thumb-Encircling Advantageous for Lay Responder Infant CPR: Randomized Manikin Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Advance online publication doi:10.1136/archdischild-2018-314893

Miller, B. & Pellegrino, J.L. (2018). Measuring intent to aid of lay responders: Survey development and validation. Health Education & Behavior, 45(5) p. 730-740. doi:10.1177/1090198117749257

Conference Proceedings

2017 American Red Cross national Scientific Advisory Council, Comparison of Two-finger versus Two-Thumb Infant CPR Compression Technique in Lay responders. June, Toronto, ON

2015American Red Cross national Scientific Advisory Council, Validation of an Instrument for Secondary Student Attitudes toward CPR. June

Clinical & Curricular materials

Ohio Department of Public Safety (2017) Rescue Task Force Awareness Training. http://Trainingcampus.dps.ohio.gov.

External Funding

2018 Stark County THRIVE, Family Empowerment Ministries Diaper Days, $50,000.

2017 American Red Cross, “Modular First Aid Course Development.” $10,000.

2015 American Red Cross, “Outcome Comparison for 3 Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation Instruction Methods for 9th Grade Students.” $5,000.

Workshop Facilitator

2018 “From knowledge to resilience.” Canadian Council for First Aid Education. Ottawa, ON. 20 Oct 

2018 “We love the way you think!” International First Aid Education Conference. Niagara Falls, ON. 24 April.

2018 “Wilderness First Responder Instructor.” Canadian Red Cross, Niagara Falls, ON. 22 April.

2016 “R.I.P. Standard First Aid: Is our Education Working.” Reykjavik, Iceland. 24 Sept.

Invited Talks

2018 Pellegrino, J.L. Wilderness First Responder Instructor Development.” 2018 international First Aid Education Conference, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. 22 April

2017 Pellegrino, J. L. “Preventing & Responding to Infant Choking.” Walk-with-a-Doc, Canton, OH. 15 Dec

2016 Cassan, P., Markenson, D., Oliver, E., Aleksic, L., Pellegrino, J.L. “Forging a pathway from evidence to education through global cooperation: the Red Cross Red Crescent model.” Resuscitation 2016: the ERC congress on education. Reykjavik, Iceland. 25 Sept.

2016 Pellegrino, J.L. & MacPherson, A. “Making meaning of evidence-based guidelines.” Canadian Emergency Care Conference: Guidelines update: the science of saving lives. Toronto, ON, Canada. 22 Feb

2018 Pellegrino, J.L. & Miller, B. “Triangulating research for improved validity: CPR education with manikin feedback.” Spirit of Inquiry 2018, Aultman Health Foundation, 28 Nov

2018 Miller B. & Pellegrino, J.L. “Evaluation of manikin practice and instruction modality on C-CPR in high school students. Spirit of Inquiry 2018, Aultman Health Foundation, 28 Nov

2018 Berry, D. & Pellegrino, J.L. “Community Engagement: The Emergency Action Plan and the Need for Continued Education.” International First Aid Education Conference. Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. 24 April

2018 Pellegrino, J.L. “When is a person too hot? Fever and First Aid.” International First Aid Education Conference. Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. 24 April; Published as Pellegrino, J.L. (2018). “A case for including sepsis identification in first aid education.” International Journal of First Aid Education, 1(2), Article 9. https://digitalcommons.kent.edu/ijfae/vol1/iss2/9

2018 Miller B. & Pellegrino, J. “Addressing challenges to publishing health research: Using standardized reporting guidelines to assist in publishing scholarly research manuscripts.” Society of Public Health Educators, 69th Annual Meeting, Columbus, OH. 5 April

Snobelen, P., Pellegrino, J., Nevils, G., & Danity, K. (2018). “Lay responder post-arrest support model: methodology & conceptual design.” BMJ Open, 8(suppl 1), A10LP-A11. Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-EMS.27 2018 EMS Congress in Denmark

2017 Miller, B. & Pellegrino, J.L. “Fostering Intention to Act in an Emergency using Hybrid Learning.” ECCU 2017 Emergency Cardiovascular Care Update, New Orleans, LA, 8 Dec

2017 Pellegrino, J.L. & Epstein, J.L. “Kids to Grandparents – What Infant CPR Techniques Make A Difference.” ECCU 2017 Emergency Cardiovascular Care Update, New Orleans, LA, 6 Dec

2017 Pellegrino, J.L., Bogumil, D., Epstein, J. & Burke, R.V. “Comparison of Two-Thumb-Hand-Encircling Versus Two-Finger Chest Compressions for Single Lay Responder.” Spirit of Inquiry 2017, Aultman Health Foundation, 15 Nov

Oliver, E. & Pellegrino, Jeffrey L. (2016). “Filling the voids in emergency response education: a gaps analysis.” Resuscitation, 106(supplement 1), e56. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.07.134 2016: the ERC congress on education. Reykjavik, Iceland. 24 Sept

2016 Pellegrino, J.L. “The New, the Old, and the Vacuums: Filling the Gaps in First Aid Education.” Canadian Emergency Care Conference: Guidelines update: the science of saving lives. Toronto, ON, Canada. 23 Feb


Pellegrino, J.L.; Oliver, E.; Orkin, A.; Marentette, D.; Snobelen, P.; Muise, J.; Mulligan, J.; and De Buck, E. (2017) "A call for revolution in first aid education," International Journal of First Aid Education: Vol. 1 : Iss. 1 , Article 1. DOI: 10.21038/ijfa.2017.0001 Available at: http://digitalcommons.kent.edu/ijfae/vol1/iss1/1 

Health & Safety Multi-media Expert Appearances


Future Opportunities:

  • CEUs for EMS/fire/etc.
  • ARC training partner
  • School training partner
  • SIM utilization and development
  • Social Work Research
  • Internships
  • Team-based inquiry

The SBL can be your home for inquiry as an undergraduate.  Conduct community-based research with internationally and nationally experienced faculty.  We also work in teams to help organizations innovate and meet their mission in a changing world.  Contact Dr. Pellegrino for more information, to share your own ideas/questions, and learn about upcoming opportunities.

Connect with us: